Radiation therapy, or radiotherapy, is the use of radiation to safely treat and manage cancer. Radiation oncologists use radiation to eradicate cancer cells, reduce their growth or relieve symptoms of cancer. Radiation therapy works by damaging cancer cells while limiting the impact to healthy cells. It is a painless treatment (similar to having an xray), that is localised to the part of the body being treated. ROC uses External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT) and Brachytherapy, both effective forms of radiation therapy. The treatment can be delivered on its own, or in combination with other forms of treatment, such as chemotherapy, hormones and surgery. It is commonly undertaken as an outpatient service. Treatment is usually given in daily intervals (Monday to Friday) over several weeks, allowing enough radiation to target cancer cells while providing healthy cells enough time to recuperate. A single course of radiation therapy is unique to each person and their condition. This includes the site and stage of the disease, type of disease, a person’s age and general health. Radiation therapy by EBRT does not make you radioactive, and it is safe for you to be with other people, including children, throughout your treatment.